Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5OH. It is a white crystalline solid that has a sweet and acrid odor. Phenol is an important industrial chemical that is used as a starting material for the manufacture of many products, including plastics, pharmaceuticals, and dyes.

Phenol is a weak acid and can undergo reactions typical of alcohols and carboxylic acids. It is soluble in water, alcohol, and ether, and has antiseptic properties, which makes it useful in medical applications. Phenol is also used as a disinfectant and in the production of resins, adhesives, and paints.

Phenol can be toxic and harmful if inhaled, ingested, or in contact with the skin. It can cause burns and severe irritation to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, and can be fatal if ingested in large amounts. Therefore, it should be handled with care and proper personal protective equipment should be worn when working with phenol.


Phenol has a variety of functions in industry and other fields. Some of the functions of phenol are:

  1. 1. Production of Plastics and Resins: Phenol is a primary raw material for the production of various plastics, including Bakelite and phenolic resins. These are used in the manufacturing of electrical equipment, automotive parts, and household goods.
  2. 2. Manufacture of Pharmaceuticals: Phenol is used to produce a variety of analgesics, antiseptics, and other pharmaceuticals. It is also used to synthesize salicylic acid, which is the active ingredient in aspirin.
  3. 3. Disinfectant: Phenol has antiseptic properties and is used as a disinfectant for various surfaces and medical equipment. It is also used in mouthwashes and throat sprays to kill bacteria.
  4. 4. Extraction of Essential Oils: Phenol is used to extract essential oils from plants and herbs. It is also used as a preservative in these oils to extend their shelf life.
  5. 5. Laboratory Research: Phenol is used in various laboratory procedures as a reagent, solvent, and fixative.

If you need solvents like Butanone, Toluene, Xylene, Isopropanol, Styrene, Cyclohexanone, Ethanol, Methanol, Ethyl Acetate, N-butyl Acetate, Butyl Acrylate, etc., mainly used in paints, coatings, spray paints, printing, leather, ink, and pharmaceutical intermediates. You can contact Batong Chemical Group:
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